Interessante vakliteratuur voor IADP-leden

November 2022
Future of labs

Science and research are key to addressing humanity’s biggest challenges, now and in the future. Creating the right spaces and environments for research to thrive is essential. The scientific research ecosystem goes far beyond the physical spaces of laboratories. Among many things, it encompasses the people making research possible, the places where scientific discoveries happen, and the infrastructure required to sustain innovation. Only by recognising the extent of this ecosystem can we begin to understand the complex interactions between its people, spaces and contexts, and how the spaces we create can respond meaningfully to these diverse requirements and desires. This report provides a review of key trends shaping the future of scientific research that will be of use to planners, designers and administrators involved in laboratory design projects. The findings are a synthesis of research and trends in the field of laboratory design, informed by conversations with experts across industry and academia.

https://www.arup.com/perspectives/publications/research/section/future-of-labs

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Future of Working Spaces

This edited volume presents a compendium of emerging and innovative studies on the proliferation of new working spaces (NeWSps), both formal and informal (such as coworking spaces, maker spaces, fab labs, public libraries, and coffee shops), and their role during and following the COVID-19 pandemic in urban and regional development and planning. This book presents an original, interdisciplinary approach to NeWSps through three features: (i) situating the debate in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has transformed NeWSp business models and the everyday work life of their owners and users; (ii) repositioning and rethinking the debate on NeWSps in the context of socioeconomics and planning and comparing conditions between before and during the COVID-19 pandemic; and (iii) providing new directions for urban and regional development and resilience to the COVID-19 pandemic, considering new ways of working and living.

https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/oa-edit/10.4324/9781003181163/covid-19-pandemic-future-working-spaces-ilaria-mariotti-pavel-bedn%C3%A1%C5%99-mina-di-marino

Science parks as key players in entrepreneurial ecosystems

This study explores the crucial role of modern science parks in the creation, development,
and management of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Thus, it has developed a conceptual framework for analysing the role that science parks could have in developing an entrepreneurial ecosystem. We interviewed several stakeholders in the entrepreneurial ecosystem oriented towards sustainable production. The study design comprises three levels of analysis: 27 nodes, 7 themes, and 3 aggregate dimensions. While a science park can play a key role in creating, developing, and managing an entrepreneurial ecosystem, we find that its success largely depends on the level of cooperation among the key stakeholders. This study provides new insights into (i) how we can better comprehend the emergence of linkages to develop entrepreneurial ecosystems and (ii) how science park managers and regional policymakers can better examine the role of key stakeholders in envisioning, configuring, and enabling regional entrepreneurial ecosystems. When studying science parks, it is important to use a holistic approach, focusing on the key players in the entrepreneurial ecosystem –science parks and their stakeholders –and knowing how and when to intervene.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/radm.12536#:~:text=Science%20parks%20are%20important%20actors,et%20al.%2C%202021).

Life Sciences Innovation: Building the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Life sciences is a rapidly growing and truly global industry, with a unique resilience to recession. In the UK alone, investment into and by life sciences companies, including M&A, venture capital, and private equity, amounted to £20 billion in 2020, despite the COVID-19 pandemic.

Buoyant capital raising for life sciences firms is creating a huge opportunity for real estate investors and developers to create
workspaces for them from labs and research centres to education facilities, manufacturing plants, and offices. While the pandemic has hit traditional commercial real estate sectors, such as offices and retail, life sciences stand apart. Much of the work conducted by life sciences companies, pharmaceutical, biotech, and other medical research fields, is simply impossible to conduct remotely. Plus, these businesses are expanding, driven by increasing government spending and exuberant public markets. The potential scale of the real estate market around life sciences is huge and while it is relatively mature in North America, understanding and awareness is at a very early stage in the UK and Europe.

Between 2016-2020, the average annual investment into European life sciences real estate was £685 million, while in the UK it was £247 million. Based on these trends, Savills predicts that investment in European life sciences real estate will hit £800 million in 2021, while in the UK it will reach £550 million. If this pace continues, then over the next five years (2021-2025),
investment into the European and UK life sciences real estate markets could reach £4.8 – £5 billion, and £1.8 – £2 billion respectively. This may also lead to a flood of new players entering the sector, especially if the real estate investors and developers who have had their fingers burned in virus-ravaged sectors such as offices and retail, look to either repurpose existing stock, or change tack to take advantage of the booming demand for life sciences real estate.

https://perkinswill.com/news/life-sciences-innovation-building-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/

New Research and Innovation Performance report: Building a sustainable future in uncertain times

The European Commission has released the 2022 edition of the Science, Research and Innovation Performance (SRIP) report, analysing the EU’s innovation performance in a global context. It provides insights into how research and innovation policies can help build an inclusive, sustainable, competitive and resilient Europe by leveraging the essential role of research and innovation as a source of prosperity and as a catalyst for change. The report also highlights how the coronavirus pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine call for Europe to reinforce its preparedness to quickly and adequately react to new, unexpected challenges.
The report presents five ways in which science can help build a sustainable, competitive and resilient
Europe, with policies that:
– Help achieve green and digital economies, for prosperous societies that leave no one behind;
– Prepare for changes, both those on the horizon and the unexpected, with secure economies, diversified supply chains and knowledge that will help to address future challenges;
– Invest more in people, businesses and institutions to find solutions;
– Connect individuals and organisations to access and share skills and knowledge and to reduce gaps between regions and countries, for a stronger innovation system;
-Ensure the right institutional and financial framework conditions co-created with citizens to target priority areas.
This year’s report shows that in the global landscape, the EU remains a strong player in terms of
scientific production and technological output.

https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/52f8a759-1c42-11ed-8fa0-01aa75ed71a1/

Mei 2022

Handbook of Research on Business and Technology Incubation and Acceleration
A Global Perspective

Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
Edited by Sarfraz A. Mian, Professor of Entrepreneurship and Management Policy and Chair of Management and Marketing Areas, School of Business, State University of New York, Oswego, US, Magnus Klofsten, Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Management & Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden and Wadid Lamine, Associate Professor of Entrepreneurship, Telfer School of Management, University of Ottawa, Canada
Publication Date: 2021 ISBN: 978 1 78897 477 6 Extent: 544 pp
This pioneering work explores both the theory and practice of business and technology incubation over the past six decades as an approach to new venture creation and development. With a global scope, the Handbook examines key concepts, models, and mechanisms, providing a research-based analytical foundation from which to understand the emerging role of modern incubation tools in building entrepreneurship ecosystems for promoting targeted economic development.

Zie: https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/gbp/handbook-of-research-on-business-and-technology-incubation-and-acceleration-9781788974776.html


Niet iedereen juicht even hard over innovatiedistricten:

A critique of innovation districts: Entrepreneurial living and the burden of shouldering
urban development

Carla M. Kayanan
University College Dublin, School of Geography, Ireland
Abstract: This article critically investigates the global trend toward urban innovation districts, a distinctly 21st-century spatial form. Innovation districts are a place-based, economic development strategy to concentrate the actors, entities, and infrastructure considered essential to process and product innovation. Built on the idea that today’s innovation requires continuous interaction, the design of innovation districts incorporates a density of living and working amenities to accommodate a 24-7 live–work–play environment. At the heart of the innovation district strategies are the entrepreneurs meant to benefit from the built-in supports that help them scale their ideas and introduce products to the market. Despite an embrace by policymakers, to date, there has been little systematic analysis and critique of innovation district strategies or attempts to understand them as tools of neoliberal urban economic development. This article tracks how planners and other city development officials endorsed innovation districts during the Global Financial Crisis. The districts were a stopgap policy measure to accumulate economic benefits while waiting for market activity to resume. Furthermore, this paper argues that the emergence of innovation district strategy points to new governance arrangements that shift the burden of urban revitalization onto
entrepreneurs who catalyze growth through their consumption and production activities. The findings are based on content analysis, site observations, and interviews with the creators, implementers, stakeholders, and users of innovation districts in Boston, St. Louis, and Dublin.

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0308518X211049445


Ook het Innovation Quarter doet een duit in het zakje: Keys to Developing a Vibrant, Dynamic Innovation District

The Innovation Quarter has helped evolve 300+ acres of downtown Winston-Salem. We put together this eBook to share our insight and experience in developing our innovation district. In it, you’ll discover:

  • The transformative power of innovation districts and ecosystems
  • Ways to weave equity into your city’s identity through diversity and inclusion strategies
  • How to facilitate and leverage partnerships that can shape your city’s innovation landscape

Oktober 2021

The impact of the built environment on creativity in public spaces of Dutch university campuses and science parks
Studies on university campuses public spaces have recognized that there is a significant relationship between the built environment and people’s perceptions of creativity. There is, however, little empirical evidence to support this claim. This research quantifies and measures this relationship, defined as ‘spatial affordances for creativity’, using two types of Dutch university campuses as case studies: inner-city campuses and science parks (SPs). This study found statistical associations that locations of built environment features influenced creativity between people. Moreover, spatial affordances for creativity must be considered in the planning and design of campuses, as a suite of spatial and perceptual conditions.


Measuring the Impact of Urban Innovation Districts

Despite their significant impact on social and economic development, innovation districts are facing challenges due to the inadequacy of policies in terms of horizontal and vertical coordination or due to the lack of an integrative policy approach. Strategic and targeted policy support leads to the acceleration of the growth of innovation districts, impacting the development of cities in general. To reach the potential of innovation districts in benefiting their local communities and in enabling greater collaboration, in creating jobs, and in promoting regional competitiveness, it is important to facilitate the positive externalities created by innovation districts through targeted policies.
Hence the publication proposes a generic and algorithmic methodology to identify and measure the success of innovation districts. To achieve this, different sets of large-scale geospatial data have been combined with well-established machine learning methods and in-depth statistical analysis. As a result, a quantitative methodology is presented that can support the policy-making process in the identification of urban areas with a high concentration of innovation activities and with a high potential for growth. First, this methodology allows the identification of such areas. Second, an evaluation framework is proposed that captures the success of these areas based on their economic performance. Third, these results are combined with descriptive statistical features to understand the main differentiators between successful and unsuccessful areas.
This exploratory research aims at providing a set of methods and findings that heavily build on recent advances on using large-scale datasets and data science to understand social problems, and in particular, the key driving indicators of deprivation and success of various entities, such as urban areas with a high concentration of innovation activities.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354726254_Measuring_the_Impact_of_Urban_Innovation_Districts


Global Innovation Index 2021

The 2021 edition of the Global Innovation Index (GII) presents the latest global innovation ranking of 132 economies, relying on 81 different indicators. While tracking the most recent global innovation trends in the new Global Innovation Tracker, this edition also focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on innovation. The GII’s overall formula for measuring an economy’s innovative capacity and output provides clarity for decision-makers in government, business and elsewhere as they look forward to creating policies that enable their people to invent and create more efficiently.
The world’s most-innovative economy in 2021 is Switzerland followed by Sweden, the United States of America (U.S.), the United Kingdom (U.K.) and Republic of Korea, according to the GII 2021 rankings.

https://www.wipo.int/global_innovation_index/en/2021/


Hubs of Innovation. A Playbook for Place Leaders

Innovation will be at the forefront of the UK’s strategy for competitiveness through the 2020s. Innovation happens in places. This paper is about the pathfinding journeys that places pursue in order to host and deliver the kind of innovation that can underpin national productivity and local well-being.

https://cp.catapult.org.uk/news/hubs-of-innovation-playbook-for-place-leaders/

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