Handbook of Research on Business and Technology Incubation and Acceleration
A Global Perspective
Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
Edited by Sarfraz A. Mian, Professor of Entrepreneurship and Management Policy and Chair of Management and Marketing Areas, School of Business, State University of New York, Oswego, US, Magnus Klofsten, Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Management & Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden and Wadid Lamine, Associate Professor of Entrepreneurship, Telfer School of Management, University of Ottawa, Canada
Publication Date: 2021 ISBN: 978 1 78897 477 6 Extent: 544 pp
This pioneering work explores both the theory and practice of business and technology incubation over the past six decades as an approach to new venture creation and development. With a global scope, the Handbook examines key concepts, models, and mechanisms, providing a research-based analytical foundation from which to understand the emerging role of modern incubation tools in building entrepreneurship ecosystems for promoting targeted economic development.
Niet iedereen juicht even hard over innovatiedistricten:
A critique of innovation districts: Entrepreneurial living and the burden of shouldering
Carla M. Kayanan
University College Dublin, School of Geography, Ireland
Abstract: This article critically investigates the global trend toward urban innovation districts, a distinctly 21st-century spatial form. Innovation districts are a place-based, economic development strategy to concentrate the actors, entities, and infrastructure considered essential to process and product innovation. Built on the idea that today’s innovation requires continuous interaction, the design of innovation districts incorporates a density of living and working amenities to accommodate a 24-7 live–work–play environment. At the heart of the innovation district strategies are the entrepreneurs meant to benefit from the built-in supports that help them scale their ideas and introduce products to the market. Despite an embrace by policymakers, to date, there has been little systematic analysis and critique of innovation district strategies or attempts to understand them as tools of neoliberal urban economic development. This article tracks how planners and other city development officials endorsed innovation districts during the Global Financial Crisis. The districts were a stopgap policy measure to accumulate economic benefits while waiting for market activity to resume. Furthermore, this paper argues that the emergence of innovation district strategy points to new governance arrangements that shift the burden of urban revitalization onto
entrepreneurs who catalyze growth through their consumption and production activities. The findings are based on content analysis, site observations, and interviews with the creators, implementers, stakeholders, and users of innovation districts in Boston, St. Louis, and Dublin.
Ook het Innovation Quarter doet een duit in het zakje: Keys to Developing a Vibrant, Dynamic Innovation District
The Innovation Quarter has helped evolve 300+ acres of downtown Winston-Salem. We put together this eBook to share our insight and experience in developing our innovation district. In it, you’ll discover:
- The transformative power of innovation districts and ecosystems
- Ways to weave equity into your city’s identity through diversity and inclusion strategies
- How to facilitate and leverage partnerships that can shape your city’s innovation landscape
The impact of the built environment on creativity in public spaces of Dutch university campuses and science parks
Studies on university campuses public spaces have recognized that there is a significant relationship between the built environment and people’s perceptions of creativity. There is, however, little empirical evidence to support this claim. This research quantifies and measures this relationship, defined as ‘spatial affordances for creativity’, using two types of Dutch university campuses as case studies: inner-city campuses and science parks (SPs). This study found statistical associations that locations of built environment features influenced creativity between people. Moreover, spatial affordances for creativity must be considered in the planning and design of campuses, as a suite of spatial and perceptual conditions.
Measuring the Impact of Urban Innovation Districts
Despite their significant impact on social and economic development, innovation districts are facing challenges due to the inadequacy of policies in terms of horizontal and vertical coordination or due to the lack of an integrative policy approach. Strategic and targeted policy support leads to the acceleration of the growth of innovation districts, impacting the development of cities in general. To reach the potential of innovation districts in benefiting their local communities and in enabling greater collaboration, in creating jobs, and in promoting regional competitiveness, it is important to facilitate the positive externalities created by innovation districts through targeted policies.
Hence the publication proposes a generic and algorithmic methodology to identify and measure the success of innovation districts. To achieve this, different sets of large-scale geospatial data have been combined with well-established machine learning methods and in-depth statistical analysis. As a result, a quantitative methodology is presented that can support the policy-making process in the identification of urban areas with a high concentration of innovation activities and with a high potential for growth. First, this methodology allows the identification of such areas. Second, an evaluation framework is proposed that captures the success of these areas based on their economic performance. Third, these results are combined with descriptive statistical features to understand the main differentiators between successful and unsuccessful areas.
This exploratory research aims at providing a set of methods and findings that heavily build on recent advances on using large-scale datasets and data science to understand social problems, and in particular, the key driving indicators of deprivation and success of various entities, such as urban areas with a high concentration of innovation activities.
Global Innovation Index 2021
The 2021 edition of the Global Innovation Index (GII) presents the latest global innovation ranking of 132 economies, relying on 81 different indicators. While tracking the most recent global innovation trends in the new Global Innovation Tracker, this edition also focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on innovation. The GII’s overall formula for measuring an economy’s innovative capacity and output provides clarity for decision-makers in government, business and elsewhere as they look forward to creating policies that enable their people to invent and create more efficiently.
The world’s most-innovative economy in 2021 is Switzerland followed by Sweden, the United States of America (U.S.), the United Kingdom (U.K.) and Republic of Korea, according to the GII 2021 rankings.
Hubs of Innovation. A Playbook for Place Leaders
Innovation will be at the forefront of the UK’s strategy for competitiveness through the 2020s. Innovation happens in places. This paper is about the pathfinding journeys that places pursue in order to host and deliver the kind of innovation that can underpin national productivity and local well-being.